Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) is the use of ultrasound (US) imaging technology by non-sonographer, non-radiologist treating clinicians. Handheld US systems are increasing in popularity and becoming widely available and easily accessible to hand surgeons in clinical practice. Adapting POCUS into the repertoire of the hand surgeon can aid in the diagnosis of many common hand surgery presentations and shorten operative times. In this review, we outline the potential uses and advantages of incorporating POCUS into hand surgery practice incuding its use in emergencies such as trauma, infections, and foreign body localization, as well as elective presentations such as nerve compression, procedural guidance, and anesthesia. Finally, this review outlines the training and curriculum development required to ensure safe implementation of POCUS into a hand surgery practice.